Geography of Pakistan | A new survey on Pakistan


Pakistan is a democracy country in the world. Pakistan geography location in the northwestern part of the South Asian subcontinent. Pakistan became a state as a result of the partition of British India on August 14, 1947. Pakistan annexed Azad Kashmir after the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947-48. Initially, Pakistan also included the northeastern sector of the subcontinent, where Muslims are also in the majority. The East Wing and West Wing of Pakistan were, however, separated by 1,600 kilometers of hostile Indian territory. The country’s East Wing, or East Pakistan, became the independent state of Bangladesh in December 1971.



Pakistan involves a place of incredible geo vital significance that is circumscribed by Iran on the west, Afghanistan on the northwest, China on the upper east, India on the east and the Arabian Sea on the south. The aggregate land zone is evaluated at 803,940 square kilometers.

The limit with Iran, about 800 kilometers long, was first delimited by a British commission in 1893, isolating Iran from what was then British Indian Balochistan. In 1957 Pakistan consented to an outskirts arrangement with Iran, and from that point forward the fringe between the two nations has not been a subject of genuine question.

Pakistan’s limit with Afghanistan is around 2,250 kilometers in length. In the north, it keeps running along the edges of the Hindu Kush (which means Hindu Killer) mountains and the Pamirs, where a restricted segment of An afghan area called the Wakhan Corridor stretches out among Pakistan and Tajikistan. The Hindu Kush was generally viewed as the last northwestern station where Hindus could wander in well being. The limit line with Afghanistan was attracted 1893 by Sir Mortimer Durand, at that point remote secretary in British India, and was acquiesced to by the amir of Afghanistan that equivalent year. This limit, called the Durand Line, was not in uncertainty when Pakistan wound up free in 1947, in spite of the fact that its authenticity was in later years debated occasionally by the Afghan government and additionally by Pakhtun clans straddling the Pakistan-Afghanistan outskirt. From one perspective, Afghanistan guaranteed that the Durand Line had been forced by a more grounded power upon a flimsier one, and it supported the foundation of still another state to be called Pashtunistan or Pakhtunistan. Then again, Pakistan, as the legatee of the British in the district, demanded the legitimateness and perpetual quality of the limit. The Durand Line stayed basically in 1994.

boundaries of pakistan

In the northeastern tip of the nation, Pakistan controls around 84,159 square kilometers of the previous royal province of Jammu and Kashmir. This territory, comprising of Azad Kashmir (11,639 square kilometers) and a large portion of the Northern Areas (72,520 square kilometers), which incorporates Gilgit and Baltistan, is the most outwardly staggering of Pakistan. The Northern Areas has five of the world’s seventeen most astounding mountains. It likewise has such broad ice sheets that it has now and then been known as the “third post.” The limit line has involved critical debate among Pakistan and India since 1947, and the Siachen Glacier in northern Kashmir has been a vital field for battling between the opposite sides since 1984, albeit unmistakably more officers have passed on of introduction to the chilly than from any engagements in the contention.


From the eastern end of the Afghanistan-Pakistan fringe, a limit of around 520 kilometers runs commonly southeast among China and Pakistan, finishing close to the Karakoram Pass. This line was resolved from 1961 to 1965 of every a progression of assentions among China and Pakistan. By common understanding, another limit bargain is to be consulted among China and Pakistan when the argument about Kashmir is at last settled among India and Pakistan.

The Pakistan-India truce line keeps running from the Karakoram Pass west-southwest to a point around 130 kilometers upper east of Lahore. This line around 770 kilometers in length, was organized with United Nations (UN) help toward the finish of the Indo-Pakistani War of 1947-48. The truce line happened on January 1, 1949, following eighteen months of battling and was last balanced and settled upon by the two nations in the Simla Agreement of July 1972. From that point forward, it has been commonly known as the Line of Control.

The Pakistan-India limit proceeds sporadically southward for around 1,280 kilometers, following the line of the 1947 Radcliffe Award, named for Sir Cyril Radcliffe, the leader of the British limit commission on the segment of Punjab and Bengal in 1947. Despite the fact that this limit with India isn’t formally debated, interests still run high on the two sides of the outskirt. Numerous Indians had expected the first limit line to run more distant toward the west, consequently surrendering Lahore to India; Pakistanis had anticipated that the line should run a lot more distant east, conceivably giving them control of Delhi, the magnificent capital of the Mughal Empire.

Desert in Pakistan

The southern fringes are far less disagreeable than those in the north. The Thar Desert in the territory of Sindh is isolated in the south from the salt pads of the Rann of Kutch by a limit that was first outlined in 1923-24. After segment, Pakistan challenged the southern limit of Sindh, and a progression of outskirt occurrences came about. They were less unsafe and less across the board, in any case, than the contention that emitted in Kashmir in the Indo-Pakistani War of August 1965. These southern threats were finished by British intercession, and the two sides acknowledged the honor of the Indo-Pakistan Western Boundary Case Tribunal assigned by the UN secretary general. The council made its honor on February 19, 1968, delimiting a line of 403 kilometers that was later divided by joint study groups. Of its unique case of approximately 9,100 square kilometers, Pakistan was granted just around 780 square kilometers. Past the western end of the council’s honor, the last stretch of Pakistan’s fringe with India is around 80 kilometers in length, running west and southwest to a channel of the Arabian Sea.


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